Kidney failure symptoms can range from very mild during the early stages of kidney failure, to extremely severe when kidney function either stops or has been significantly diminished.
With chronic kidney disease (CKD), symptoms may initially develop very slowly. (CKD is the progressive decline in kidney function over an extended period of time - many months or years.)
Symptoms of kidney failure are predominantly determined by the severity and stage of CKD. CKD is categorized into five (5) different stages, with stage 1 being the least severe and stage 5 (known as end stage renal disease) being the most severe.
Acute kidney failure symptoms are manifested much sooner. Acute kidney failure is a rapid and sudden decline of kidney function, due to trauma or injury to the kidneys. Consequently, the signs of kidney failure develop much faster than is the case with chronic kidney disease.
Acute kidney failure is usually temporary and short term.
There are several symptoms of both acute and chronic kidney failure. If kidney failure is mild or moderate, there may be only a few symptoms, which may include frequent urination during the night and elevated or high blood pressure.
In more severe cases, however, kidney failure symptoms can be numerous and extreme. The following are some typical kidney failure symptoms, which may be manifested by patients with severe renal failure.
Patients with chronic end stage renal disease (most severe stage of kidney failure) experience many of these symptoms. These kidney failure symptoms usually develop gradually, over an extended period of time, as kidney function progressively deteriorates. They can be extremely discomforting and they adversely affect the lifestyle and well-being of patients.
The only effective, long-term treatment for end stage renal disease is a kidney transplant. Other medications and treatments, such as dialysis, do not cure the underlying condition(s) but they can provide temporary relief, and allow patients to enjoy a reasonable quality of life.
In order to avoid or minimize the adverse effects of severe kidney failure symptoms, it is important to develop healthy lifestyle and dietary practices, sooner rather than later. It is also important to have regular medical check-ups, since an early detection and diagnosis of kidney failure allows for appropriate and timely treatment.